New Canadian Media

Commentary by: Jagdeesh Mann in Vancouver, BC

Over its 132-year history since incorporation as a city, Vancouver has had 39 mayors. All of them have been white men.

Change seems to be coming, however, and suddenly.

Two of the Vancouver’s leading municipal parties will be running mayoral candidates from diverse backgrounds for the upcoming 2018 civic election now only four months away.

Recently, Ken Sim, the second-generation Canadian-born son of Chinese immigrants, won the nomination for the city’s right-of-centre Non-Partisan Association (NPA). This party, which was founded in 1937, has traditionally been aligned with the interests of the city’s business community.

In a surprising result, the entrepreneur and cofounder of Nurse Next Door and Rosemary Rocksalt bagel shops, beat out the establishment candidate John Coupar, the two-time NPA Vancouver park board commissioner who had the support of other establishment figures like former councillor Suzanne Anton and former mayor Philip Owen.

Meanwhile, the currently ruling Vision Vancouver party has confirmed its mayoral candidate will be Squamish Nation hereditary chief Ian Campbell.

Internet entrepreneur Taleeb Noormohamed—who drew comparisons to Calgary’s wonder-mayor Naheed Nenshi—had been bidding for the Vision Vancouver leadership until recently, when a health matter forced him to drop out of the campaign.

On the sidelines, former federal Conservative MP, Wai Young has indicated interest in running as an independent but hasn’t confirmed her candidacy yet. Raymond Louie, the five-time Vision city councillor who would have made a strong candidate for mayor, has also declared he is not running. There is some uncertainty about why he wasn’t recruited by his own Vision party for the mayor’s nomination (or if he pre-emptively declined the possibility).

It seems 2018 may be the year when Vancouver—one of the most left-of-centre cities in North America, Canada’s commercial and cultural gateway to Asia, and the metropolis that was early to embrace Indian yoga and in gratitude paid the world back with lululemon yoga pants—finally elects a nonwhite mayor.

Leaders, activists, and entrepreneurs from smaller diverse communities have increasingly participated in Canadian politics over the past two decades. It has now become the norm to see the country’s diversity represented among its politicians, whether that be in cabinet in Ottawa or the legislative backbenches in Victoria.

But at the municipal level, and particularly in Vancouver, they have struggled to break through, or perhaps a better term is "break out" from their ethnic silos and gain a voice on a broader citywide stage.

So far, however, the run-up to the 2018 election is proving to be an inflection point in this narrative. Hollywood had its #OscarsSoWhite reckoning two years ago, so it seems apt for Hollywood North to also have its own #VancouverSoWhite moment, though one would think progressive Canadians would have beat their American counterparts to this milestone.

While there is an immigrants-coming-of-age story here, there is also a perfect storm of political conditions that have triggered the backroom players and eminences grise behind the major parties to seek out diverse candidates.

For the NPA, Ken Sim’s nomination effectively counters any potential candidacy of Stephen Harper-era conservative Wai Young, who has significant support from within the Chinese community.

Sim’s family roots go back to Hong Kong and he will pull votes from this segment of the Chinese community (he may have less of a connection among Mainland Chinese immigrants). His last-minute entry—or recruitment—into the mayoral race looks to be an efficacious use of inclusiveness by a party that has been out of power for a decade.

For the progressive left-leaning Vision Vancouver, Campbell’s nomination provides a clean break from the past and a chance to rebrand a party that many believe has much to account (or some would say atone) for after the past decade in power.

For political watchers, this greater-than-usual interest in standing for public office from qualified diverse candidates makes this year’s election intriguing.

But for the average citizen all of this may go unnoticed if it all turns out to be business-as-usual and the 40th mayor of Vancouver—like the thirty-nine previously—once again is another white person.

There are still many twists, announcements, and deals to unfold before that forecast becomes clearer. But it is worth a look to see how various local and Canadian laws, policies, and practices of exclusion over the past century-and-a-half have led to this much delayed point, where diverse candidates—in a city where half the population is not white—finally have a real shot at becoming mayor.

In four months time, this election may be remembered as the moment Vancouverites finally said “Yes We Can” instead of the usual “Yes We Can’t”.

Lack of profile exerts a high price

Among the jigsaw pieces that comprise the map of Lower Mainland municipalities, Surrey is the fastest growing city in the region. Ten thousand new people move into Surrey every year.

Barinder Rasode, a former two-term Surrey city councillor, has come the closest among nonwhite candidates in the Lower Mainland to winning a coveted mayor’s seat.

There have been a small number of nonwhite politicians who have won mayoral races in B.C., but all have been outside the Lower Mainland: Jamese Atebe in Mission, Alan Lowe in Victoria, Akbal Mund in Vernon, and Colin Basran in Kelowna.

Naranjan Grewal of Mission was the first nonwhite mayor in all of B.C. when he was elected in 1954. He died under suspicious circumstances three years later.

Despite late entry to the race, Rasode garnered an impressive 21 percent of the votes in the 2014 Surrey municipal election. She has been one of the few individuals to cross over in appeal to the broader community, a feat not easily achieved given the tendency of potential candidates from diverse communities to remain in their comfort zones, or even self-segregate, when encountering barriers of entry to mainstream political organizations.

“When it comes to municipal elections, if a candidate hopes to compete or have any chance at winning, they must have a profile beyond their own community,” explained Rasode, who served on board of directors for Fraser Health and served as a Surrey city councillor from 2008 to 2014. “This is evident in electoral results. Even when minorities run for council seats as part of recognized slates, they tend to be the ones who fall short or to the bottom of the slate.”

Rasode’s observation holds true whether in Surrey or in Vancouver. In the 2014 Vancouver election, only two Vision Vancouver council candidates out of eight on the slate failed to win seats: Niki Sharma and Tony Tang, candidates from South Asian and Chinese backgrounds.

In 2008, the lone Vision councillor out of eight on the slate who failed to win a seat was Kashmir Dhaliwal, the former president of the Khalsa Diwan Society (Ross Street Sikh Temple). Despite being a power broker within one of B.C.’s biggest Sikh temples, and one with a very politically active congregation, Dhaliwal still fell short of being elected—he just lacked a wider profile beyond his South Vancouver neighbourhood.

Fast forward 10 years and back to the upcoming election. This lack of profile is still an Achilles heel for both the NPA nominee Ken Sim and Ian Campbell. Both will be hampered by being relatively unknown to broader sections of Vancouver’s voting public (Sim likely more than Campbell).

Unlike previous diverse candidates, however, who have in the past ran as independents, both Sim and Campbell will have the party machines of the NPA and Vision to help remedy some of this lack of profile.

But there is a caveat emptor here, particularly for Vision. Ian Campbell will first have much work to do in rebuilding a damaged Vision brand before he hopes to reap any of the rewards of membership.

It is clear the 2018 version of Vision does not have the potency it once did circa 2011 or even in 2014. It looks to be sinking ship with neither Mayor Gregor Robertson seeking re-election, nor three of its councillors. One veteran city hall reporter has even suggested the party may want to consider disbanding for a dignified end to its political life.

For these two newcomers, the mission will be to "get their names out there" into a congested daily news cycle. Bonus points if they edge out other candidates.

This, however, is much more easily said than done.

Kinder Morgan’s Trans Mountain pipeline was meant to deliver oil to offshore tankers for lighting up cities abroad. In actuality, the pipeline has pumped media exposure to antagonistic local politicians and lit up their approval rating numbers.

The fight against Kinder Morgan—the news story of the year in Vancouver—has been a gift to the other anti-pipeline mayoral candidates like NDP member of Parliament Kennedy Stewart, and SFU professor of public practice Shauna Sylvester. It would have also helped popular Green party city councilor Adriane Carr but she has recently decided not to run for mayor. Still, if Vancouver doesn’t elect its first  nonwhite mayor, it may be due to voters electing Sylvester as their first woman mayor, no less a milestone-in-waiting. 

Depending on how the Kinder Morgan narrative unfolds, the pipelines and oil tankers debate could end up overshadowing other hot-button issues, possibly even housing affordability. This would be a boon particularly for Stewart, who was recently arrested in March for contempt after he marched to British Columbia’s frontline and deliberately breached the five-meter exclusion zone buffering "The Fence" that safeguards the Kinder Morgan’s tanker farm on Burnaby Mountain.

His act of civil disobedience against a heavy-handed Trudeau government bulldozing ahead with now their pipeline project has transformed the staid NDP politician into a sort of Gandhi-of-Burnaby.

No doubt this act will add some swagger to Stewart’s campaign. When it counted, he could be counted, standing among those lined up against the carbon-spewing machinery of Big Oil. Stewart’s chances of winning will increase further if the muscle of B.C.’s local NDP machine gets behind him.

Given the vocal opposition to the pipeline by the Squamish Nation, and Vision Vancouver, Ian Campbell also stands to gain on this issue. But he will need to find a way to "out-activist" Stewart, who has gotten to the front of the line on this issue.

Getting arrested and having a record, however, isn’t always a viable strategy for most candidates to gain the profile necessary to win a municipal election—or to stay if office, given they usually have day jobs and other real-life entanglements. Besides, historically speaking, getting arrested for most people, and notably for people of colour, has never been an ideal path to career advancement. Ultimately, diversifying Vancouver city politics is not the same thing as integrating an Alabama lunch counter.

But the real obstacle for diverse candidates seeking to gain name recognition runs deeper than being able to generate viral hashtags, or skillfully jockeying for media airtime.

It is a more permanent and seemingly intractable structural barrier at the heart of Vancouver’s municipal electoral system.

No wards led to more exclusion from power

A ward system divides a city into neighbourhoods with each electing one councillor.

Virtually all major Canadian cities have implemented a ward system to ensure individual neighbourhoods are represented at the council level by an individual who has ties to or lives in that neighbourhood.

These cities include Calgary, Montreal, Winnipeg, Edmonton, Toronto, Windsor, Ottawa, Hamilton, Halifax, and so forth. I think you get the point.

Vancouver, however, is the largest Canadian city that uses an at-large system. It is based on a "to-the-victors-the-spoils" approach to city politics.

Vancouver city council is comprised of the 10 candidates who receive the most votes from across all the neighbourhoods of the city. It is a system that has some benefits as it requires candidates to see the bigger picture and know all of the issues in the city, but it is a system that has also been criticized as been exclusionary, even racist, for blocking out candidates of diverse backgrounds.

There have been a number of cases in the United States where at-large systems were found by the courts to be discriminatory toward minority black and Hispanic populations.

Unlike the at-large system, wards allow more localized neighbourhood candidates a channel to access the bigger citywide stage.

Vancouver is a city that is simultaneously diverse but ethnically siloed—it is a place where people from different backgrounds peacefully co-exist but don’t necessarily coalesce. A ward system makes the difference between a candidate from a diverse background getting heard or getting crowded out. It ameliorates the "lack of profile" issue for diverse candidates.

In 2004, the city held a referendum asking Vancouver voters about moving to a wards system. The No side rejected the proposition by a small majority of 54 percent.

Given the momentum currently building for British Columbia to adopt a proportional-representation electoral system, it seems likely that a referendum on ward system would receive more support today than it did 14 years ago.

RJ Aquino, who has previously run for council in 2011 for COPE and in 2014 for the then-nascent OneCity party, believes a ward system would have altered the outcomes of his previous campaigns.

Aquino, who was born in the Philippines and has lived in Vancouver for the past 20 years, serves on the board of Collingwood Neighbourhood House. He is active in various initiatives in his part of Vancouver.

In 2014, Aquino was among the top vote-getters in Collingwood-Renfrew, Vancouver-Kensington, and the Fraser Street and King Edward area, all neighbourhoods with a significant population of Filipinos, the fastest growing ethnic group in B.C.

According to the recent census, there are 94,000 Filipinos living in the Metro Vancouver region, yet there has never been anyone of Filipino descent on Vancouver council, or the Vancouver park board.

“For people from diverse communities, we really have to work that much harder to get our name out there,” said Aquino, who is seeking a OneCity nomination for council this year. “Every time I encounter new people, there is always that extra step of explaining my background, how I fit into Vancouver, and how my values connect with the city’s values.”

But there has always been that extra distance to make up for diverse candidates. For this current generation, this means a "lack of profile" problem. Two generations ago, it was a matter of lacking the requisite language skills.

But going back even further, it was a matter of being barred from participating in the political process altogether.

Institutional racism plays a role

Amid Vancouver’s picturesque surroundings and its generally polite daily exchanges between its multicultural residents of all backgrounds, it is easy to forget the city was once the gateway to enforcing the country’s "white Canada" policy that deterred non-European immigration until the mid 20th century.

This policy was best articulated by former Canadian prime minister, Sir Wilfrid Laurier, whose face has been featured on Canada’s five-dollar bill.

In a parliamentary debate on Asian immigration in October 1914, he said: “The people of Canada want to have a white country, and certain of our fellow subjects who are not of the white race want to come to Canada and be admitted to all the rights of Canadian citizenship . . . These men have been taught by a certain school of politics that they are equals of British subjects; unfortunately they are brought face to face with the hard facts when it’s too late.”

It was this racist vision for the country that led to the Canadian government refusing permission to the Komagata Maru to dock in 1914 when the infamous Japanese tramp steamer arrived in Burrard Inlet with 376 would-be immigrants from India. The Vancouver Sun reported on the incident with toxic headlines like “Hindu invaders now in the city harbour on Komagata Maru”.

During that time other publications, like the Vancouver World, routinely railed against Chinese and Japanese residents with their poison pens and the World openly bragged that it was the “the one daily paper in Vancouver which has consistently set its face against the Orientals”.

While this "white Canada" policy blocked non-European immigrants from entering Canada for much of the 20th century, those who were already living here were not granted the full rights of citizenship.

It wasn’t until 1947 that Asian Canadians from Indian and Chinese backgrounds were permitted to vote and participate in the political process.

Meanwhile, in terms of its treatment of the Indigenous population, when the Canadian government wasn’t tearing Indigenous children away from their families and sending them to odious residential schools, it was also maintaining the ban on status Indigenous people from voting in elections, finally repealed only in 1960.

While that may seem like a long time ago for some too quick to dismiss the institutionalized racism of Canada’s past, consider this: some of the community elders who may be advising Squamish Nation hereditary Chief Ian Campbell on his mayoral bid were in their own lifetime once prohibited from voting in civic elections.

It doesn’t take much digging to unearth the artifacts of Vancouver’s racist history. According to local journalist Francis Bula, the covenant on NPA nominee Ken Sim’s house in the Arbutus neighbourhood on the West Side of the city prohibits someone of Chinese descent from owning the property. Many houses in the city’s elite neighbourhoods still have similar racist clauses in their covenants though they are no longer enforced.

It is understandable for Vancouverites to want to move on, or to forget, Canada’s own Jim Crow-like era. But it has not been as easy for those disenfranchised communities. Even after these race-based antivoting acts were repealed, it would take decades before nonwhite Canadians began putting their names forward to participate in politics.

It would take 25 years after the repeal of Canada racist voting legislation until the first resident of South Asian descent would win a seat on Vancouver council. Since V.S. Pendakur’s lone two-year term ended in 1974, no other person of South Asian descent has been on Vancouver council.

For the Chinese community, the wait was even longer. It would take 35 years before the first resident of Chinese descent, Bill Yee, won a council seat in 1982.

Three decades on, seeing diverse candidates come forward for elections has become normalized. But that doesn’t mean they still don’t encounter the racial slurs and broadsides of yesterday.

In 2016, when Niki Sharma, the former park board commissioner and Vision candidate for council, ran for the Vancity board of directors, someone trolling her Facebook page posted: “We don’t want packys (sic) in politics you people are taking over our country”.

Rather than deleting the comment, Sharma responded to it. Readers shared and commented on her post hundreds of times.

“I was going to delete your comment. As my hand went over to the delete button, something stopped me,” she wrote in the middle of that sleepless night. “As much as we both might want to, you and I cannot delete each other.”

Where diverse Canadians have been under-represented on municipal councils, it has been the reverse for white Canadians. Generation upon generation of white politicians have benefited from an under-acknowledged privilege of being allowed to vote, stand for elections, and get ahead thanks to a wielding a disproportionate voice in the political sphere.

This has created its own adverse consequences, such as encouraging ethnic pandering where white politician seem to show up at temples, and mosques every so often, often in ethnic garb, to hit up vote banks or follow the instructions of cooked up "Multicultural Strategic Outreach Plans".

It also led to cringing moments of white paternalism. This white-on-nonwhite crime was most recently witnessed in 2015 when the current Vancouver mayor thought he had a "teachable moment" and tried to educate a prominent local Chinese-Canadian professional about what is and isn’t racist.

Andy Yan, then an urban planner with Bing Thom Architects, produced a study that looked at the names of buyers of homes on Vancouver’s tony west side. He found that buyers with non-Anglicized Chinese names were purchasing the majority of the homes in that neighbourhood.

Gregor Robertson publicly dismissed Yan’s work as racist, failing to see the irony of his criticism of Yan, given his great-grandfather was forced to pay the actually-racist Chinese Head Tax that was designed to keep Chinese immigrants out of B.C. As a social scientist, Yan was just looking at the data and sharing his observations, which were in plain sight.

The irony of the mayor’s response, however, was not lost on Brandon Yan, who is currently seeking to run for city council on the OneCity slate. He countered the mayor’s misguided comments in a line that should be quoted in a Dear White People racism primer, “Let’s leave it to the rich white dudes to decide what’s racist, right?”

This kind of paternalism is a natural outcome of a long history of exclusion. Out a total of 1,080 council and mayor’s seats across 102 administrations, 98 percent have been occupied by white politicians—like Andy Yan, I ran my own name analysis, through of all the city councillors and mayors over Vancouver’s history.

And of the seats occupied by councillors from diverse backgrounds: half have been won only in the past two decades since 2000.

When 98 percent of "leaders" in Vancouver’s brief history have been white but the population has steadily diversified to point of being 50 percent nonwhite, there is bound to be a disconnect between city hall’s perception and the reality on the ground.

Diversity: an optical illusion?

Because of their low turnout rates, municipal elections are notoriously difficult to poll. This is a point that Shachi Kurl, executive director of the Angus Reid Institute, stressed repeatedly in our recent conversation.

“Compared to provincial and federal elections, turnout rates for municipal elections are around 30 percent. The X-factor is turnout, and it’s more exaggerated in city elections,” explained Kurl, who heads the public opinion polling organization.

In the 2017 by-election when Hector Bremner from the NPA was elected to city council, only 11 percent of voters turned out to vote.

“Just look at the recent example in Calgary. The polling for that election was not close to the final results. The polls had (Naheed) Nenshi running neck-in-neck. In the end, Nenshi won extremely comfortably for his 3rd term.”

In the 2014 council election, Vision candidate Niki Sharma placed 17th out of 49 candidates, receiving close to 50,000 votes. She fell short of winning by only 8,000 votes.

From her perspective, every percentage increase in turnout has the potential to reverse a loss into a victory, “In an election with low voter turnout, it doesn’t take many people deciding not to vote for you to be the difference between getting elected and not getting elected.”

The NPA may be hoping Ken Sim can trigger this X-factor in his favour and lure more voters from the Chinese community to participate. It could be all the difference he needs to win the coveted mayor’s gavel.

But as in the case of Calgary’s Naheed Nenshi, the three-term Muslim mayor at the head of one of the more conservative cities in the country, the success of an ethnic candidate is not determined by the strength of his support from within his ethnic base, but rather from beyond it.

Nenshi, the only nonwhite mayor of a major Canadian city, has become a celebrity politician in Calgary, and across Alberta, because of his competence and ability to engage with the electorate.

But this does raise a question about diversity and politics—is there a causal link between Naheed Nenshi’s skills as a politician and his ethnicity?

Consider this hypothetical: if Nenshi had been a white Protestant instead of a brown Muslim, and still produced the same outcomes for Calgarians, then wouldn’t "celebrating diversity" only be emphasizing difference and fostering identity politics? In other words, shouldn’t Canadians focus their "celebration" solely on the actual achievements of their leaders instead of also on their "diversity"?

RJ Aquino, the aspiring city council candidate for OneCity, addressed this criticism often levelled from the right through a personal anecdote.

“In 2011, when I first ran for office, I started getting local university students from my community contacting me because they recognized my last name as Filipino. These were students who otherwise weren’t paying attention or engaged in civic politics, but when they learned I was from the same background, they looked me up and inquired about me.”

“Because I looked like them and because I was in the public eye, it showed to younger generations that it was possible to do this, that we can be represented.”

Where there is under-representation—whether in terms of race, gender, or sexual orientation—it does not invite wider participation from all citizens, ultimately at the expense of our democratic institutions.

This segues to the other potential benefit of diversity: that diverse candidates bring unique experiences and insights, which may in turn lead to solutions and policies otherwise overlooked.

This claim is also open to some scrutiny given second- and third-generation Canadians—regardless of background—end up sharing common experiences. Or in other words, eventually all Canadians, if you live here long enough, end up being different but in the same way.

A diversity of faces may make for good optics—as in the current Trudeau’s cabinet—but may still be little more than an optical illusion when it comes to actual diversity of ideas.

To be fair, it is a reasonable conclusion that looking "different" does not necessarily translate into thinking differently.

But—and this is the crucial point—this flattening of Canadian diversity over time doesn’t mean that people from different backgrounds don’t empathize differently.

Let’s bring it back to the Vancouver context.

Should either Ian Campbell or Ken Sim become mayor, it is reasonable to conclude neither may have novel approaches to age-old issues facing the city. And as complete outsiders, particularly for Sim, they will likely struggle to learn the in-and-outs of city hall management and governance conventions.

But that does not mean they wouldn’t bring much-needed new empathy on age-old issues that, if nothing else, prevent these issues from being ignored.

Some examples to illustrate.

The past decade have been halcyon years for developers who have made more profits than ever while recasting Vancouver into an Eden of gleaming glass towers. Out of the billions flowing through Vancouver’s real estate market, a tiny infintesimal fraction could have been diverted to provide a lasting and sustainable solution to the city’s chronic problem of homelessness.

Yet 10 years after Vision took power having promised to end homelessness, the issue remains as chronic as ever.

It is a fitting metaphor for what Vancouver has become when one encounters its homeless residents trying to sleep in the cold-concrete nooks and doorways of its half-empty, but ecofriendly LEED skyscrapers.

It seems unlikely Campbell, someone from an indigenous background, would only pay lip service to this homelessness issue given that 40 percent of homeless people in the city are from an indigenous background, a staggering 20 times greater than their actual percentage of the overall population.

And perhaps it will require a Vancouver mayor from an Indigenous background like Ian Campbell to advance the reconciliation agenda and create new community initiatives that go beyond declarations of recognizing Vancouver as the unceded territories of the Musqueam, Squamish, and Tsleil-Waututh peoples.

In the case of Ken Sim, he is a second-generation Canadian who witnessed firsthand the struggles of his immigrant parents. He took menial jobs, worked as a janitor during high school, and like other second-generation Canadians found a way to sacrifice and forge ahead.

Would Sim not be more empathetic to Vancouver’s affordability issues than the current mayor, even if he is representing the right-of-centre NPA?

I worked as a janitor during high school and I had immigrant parents who struggled like others in a similar position.  Back then it seemed inconceivable that those sweeping up the offices could one day be the ones sweeping into them. 

For me, the candidacies and civic participation of Ken Sim, Ian Campbell, RJ Aquino, Brandon Yan, and a growing number of other diverse candidates in this coming 2018 election has piqued my interest in civic politics more than ever.

These candidates represent the other half of Vancouver that rarely gets to be heard in our city affairs, and the half that historically has been discouraged and once even banned from participating.

It may turn out that 2018 is still not the year a nonwhite candidate becomes mayor of Vancouver, but it seems 2018 will be the year that finally shows it is possible.

And that is an inflection point when truly "diversity becomes our strength", not just for half our city residents but for us all.

Jagdeesh Mann is the executive editor of the Asian Pacific Post. Based in Vancouver, he is also an active contributor to a number of publications and a member of the NCM Collective.

Published in Commentary

A study led by SFU Masters of Public Policy (MPP) student Halena Seiferling found that the biggest barrier for women entering politics at the municipal level is persistent sexism and gendered comments.

“Though many people may assume that municipal politics is more welcoming to women, this study shows that problems persist even at the municipal level,” says Seiferling. “My research advocates for municipalities to have equal numbers of men and women on their advisory committees and boards in order to begin to combat this problem.”

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Published in Politics
Friday, 20 February 2015 06:47

NCM NewsFeed: Weekly Newsletter Feb. 20

Our headlines: Diversity in Toronto municipal politics + judicial representation + implications of the anti-terror bill + new hurdles for foreign students + racial bias and policing + celebrating Chinese New Year


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Here and Now

As usual, we have a rich palette of stories for you this weekend.

Why some new Canadian communities are more prominent in politics: Richard M. Landau addresses this question in his latest article. Research shows that an immigrant community’s development depends upon a variety of factors, including education levels, mutual support within the community, and the length of the community’s history in Canada.

Reflections on race, religion and diversity in Toronto’s municipal elections: Thamina Jaferi examines the gap between the ethnic composition of Toronto’s residents and its elected officials. Jaferi talks to three Muslim candidates about their efforts to break barriers in last year’s municipal elections, and explains how different communities are demanding better representation at the city level.

Disregard for diversity in the selection of judges: A report in the Asian Pacific Post calls for a more accountable judicial appointment process, noting a dearth of visible-minority judges in Canada. Last week, the Federation of Asian Canadian Lawyers sent a letter to Justice Minister Peter MacKay, asking if the federal government plans to collect information on the judiciary’s ethnic composition.

One question people should stop asking in the workplace is discussed by Vicky Tobianah, who says that new co-workers often ask about her ‘background’. If she tells her life story, she gets a blank stare and the question is rephrased, “No, you look different — where are you from?”

Occupy Central’s effect on migration from Hong Kong to Canada: Truman Kwan, a budding journalist who participated in NCM’s mentorship program, writes that the Hong Kong protest movement is unlikely to spur an exodus to Canada, as the city’s economy has been largely unaffected and the minority — just 28 per cent — of residents who are sympathetic to the protests are too committed to Hong Kong to emigrate.

Immigrant kids excel because they are not tiger-parented, says Dr. Shimi Kang. The award-winning, Harvard-trained researcher tackles misconceptions about the achievement gap between immigrants’ children and the general population. Dr. Kang says that crediting “the revenge of the tiger mom” for the achievement gap is an oversimplification.


Bill C-51’s implications for diaspora groups: Writing on the new anti-terror bill being debated in Parliament, Craig Forcese of the University of Ottawa and Kent Roach of the University of Toronto argue that ‘big data’ technology allows for detailed and potentially intrusive monitoring of people’s behaviour. Among the items they highlight in the bill is the clause dealing with activities in Canada that undermine other states’ security; they warn that diaspora groups denouncing governments in their ancestral homes should be attentive to the provision.

“People no longer want to drive taxis or work at petrol stations in Canada”: The Times of India, in a report from Moga town in Punjab, says candidates in Moga’s municipal elections are fueling voters' foreign dreams by promising to regularize International English Language Testing System (IELTS) centres and to crack down on illegal visa operators (Photo Credit: Ranjit Bhaskar). The report says these promises appeal to someone like 19-year-old Ramanpreet Kaur of Dudhi, who is eyeing a job in Canada after graduating in soil science from Punjab Agricultural University. "People of Moga no longer want to drive taxis or work at petrol stations in Canada. They want to manage retail outlets, apply their agriculture education or take up higher education courses. We want to ensure more English learning centres here by giving them a dedicated space," says Manjeet Singh Mann, one of the local candidates.

Russia's Rosneft mocks Canada's ‘Banderite’ lobby after sanctions move: After Ottawa included the oil giant in a new round of sanctions, a spokesperson for state-owned Rosneft said that Canada's oil industry was on its deathbed and that Canadian foreign policy was dictated by Ukrainian nationalists. “Canada is a country preoccupied with its Ukrainian diaspora, a large part of which are pro-Banderites, that's well known. There is a very strong lobby there," Rosneft spokesperson Mikhail Leontiev told Russian News Service. Stepan Bandera was a controversial Ukrainian nationalist who briefly sided with Nazi Germany during World War II in his fight against the Soviet Union. Russian state media commonly use Bandera’s name to refer to supporters of the government in Kiev.

New process 'complicated' for foreign students: New federal immigration rules make it harder for international students to stay in Canada, according to this report. Two University of Saskatchewan PhD students and a recent graduate — all in science and engineering — say that although they want to stay, they may have to leave the country. New rules this year put international graduates in the same category as any other applicant with Canadian work experience applying for permanent residency. As expected, six weeks after the launch of Express Entry, critics are already calling for fine-tuning of the program.

Jamaica Diaspora Conference 2015: Jamaica’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Foreign Trade is launching this event on Friday, with internet streaming and live broadcast on select cable stations in Canada and the United States. The Sixth Biennial Diaspora Conference will be held in June at the Montego Bay Convention Centre in St. James. This year’s theme is ‘Jamaica and the Diaspora: Linking for Growth and Prosperity’, with special focus on social services — including health and education — and investment and trade opportunities.

Diaspora Dialogues book club: In partnership with Spadina Museum Historic House & Gardens in Toronto, Diaspora Dialogues is launching its first-ever book club. At the book club’s meetings, authors will discuss their works and take members’ questions. The first meeting is on March 8 with The Afterlife of Stars author Joseph Kertes.

Harmony Jazz

FBI Director James Comey has given a frank talk on race and policing and the role that unconscious bias plays in law enforcement. Meanwhile, the Ontario government is considering collecting race-based data to address the disproportionate number of black children placed in foster care.

A federal judge’s decision to strike down a ban on niqabs at citizenship ceremonies — and the federal government’s intent to appeal the ruling — has provoked a range of editorial comment. Some of the stronger arguments include Barbara Kay, favouring the ban, and Clifford Orwin and Marnie Soupcoff, arguing against it. And Zunera Ishaq, far from a shrinking violet, tells us why she should be allowed to wear the niqab.

Steven Fish shares his thoughts on why Islam isn’t inherently violent, drawing from a comprehensive international review of stats on terrorism and murder rates. The Chapel Hill killings of three Muslim students continues to draw outrage and becomes a rallying cry for alienated Muslim Americans. And a short video shines light on a $57-million network fuelling Islamophobia in the United States.

Back Pocket

Thursday marked the beginning of the Lunar New Year, celebrated in many Asian countries and diasporas around the world. In Chinese culture, the holiday must be properly celebrated for an auspicious start to the new year. And what does this year — Year of the Sheep — mean for you? A year of obstacles and extremes, with a lot of disturbances, predicts Sherman Tai, a world-renowned fortune teller from Vancouver, in the Asian Pacific Post.

With that, have a great weekend — and ‘gong xi fa cai’ for Mandarin speakers, ‘gung hay fat choy’ for Cantonese speakers, or ‘xin nian kuai le’ (meaning simply ‘happy new year’ in Mandarin) for the rest of you!

With that, have a great weekend and don’t forget to look up the next edition of NCM NewsFeed every Friday! If you’d like to subscribe to our e-newsletter, please click here.

Publisher’s Note: This NewsFeed was compiled with input from our Newsroom Editors and regular columnist, Andrew Griffith. We welcome your feedback.


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Published in Top Stories

 By Balwant Sanghera
The municipal elections held on Saturday, November 15, were unique in many ways. For one, the newly elected mayors, councillors, school trustees and park board commissioners are in for a four year term. This is a long way from the two year terms [...]

The Link

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Published in Commentary
Thursday, 13 November 2014 10:16

Some thoughts on the recent municipal elections

 By PATRICK HUNTER We have had a couple weeks now to digest the results of the recent municipal elections in Ontario and specifically, Toronto. The good news is that Doug Ford did not win. The bad news is that council did not chang

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Published in Commentary

by Mohsin Abbas (@MohsinAbbasEh)

The majority of Pakistani candidates running for various offices in the recent Ontario municipal elections continued their losing streak.

Only two Pakistani candidates emerged victorious in the polls, whereas hundreds of others did literally nothing but blabber and distribute their pamphlets all over the place.

Most of these candidates suffered from a glaring deficiency in English language skills and in their knowledge of the Canadian system. Many seemed utterly indifferent towards the problems in their constituencies, and had no recourse but to play up already familiar topics to scrape up a handful of votes.

Not only did they plan their election campaigns poorly, but several of them were also involved in personal conflicts with other Pakistani candidates.

In many areas, several Pakistanis filed their nomination papers from a single constituency, effectively dividing the Pakistani vote several times.

It is fair to say, then, they had it coming.

Peoples' representatives

Pakistani candidates running for office in Canada are no more an unprecedented feat. Every four years, a large number of Pakistanis — never seen before at any community gathering — show up from nowhere, and portray themselves as ‘peoples’ representative’.

Many a candidate get their pamphlets printed in Pakistan as early as a year before the elections, and transport them to Canada with their luggage. When these flyers are distributed among people, the poor chaps are clueless about the candidate, because these candidates neither engage, nor serve the community, and hence remain unknown to a large number of people.

Indian Canadians also compete in the elections, but in contrast to Pakistanis, their success ratio is higher as they make efforts to engage with their community. On the other hand, Pakistani candidates are confined only to photo sessions for local Urdu newspapers, association with Pakistani political parties, and seeking votes on the basis of caste and clan.

Pre-poll surveys this year showed that the victory of Pakistani candidates was highly unlikely, as the results later proved. The causes for this are not too hard to comprehend.

Election manifesto

I asked one Pakistani candidate, “What is your manifesto?” only to be hear this shameless reply: “Umm … I am jobless nowadays … I’ve heard that the councillors have handsome remuneration, so I am trying my luck there …”

Every four years, a large number of Pakistanis — never seen before at any community gathering — show up from nowhere, and portray themselves as ‘peoples’ representatives’.

These candidates include a Pakistani grocery store owner of my area as well. The lies on his website were traced and duly rebuked by his Canadian rivals – what a defamation of our country.

There was another candidate, a self-proclaimed business tycoon from Sialkot, Pakistan. Having no experience of business, literature and politics, this man has made a mockery of Pakistan overseas.

This business tycoon, named Riazuddin, is also known as Malik Riaz of Mississauga.

The election flyer of this candidate was printed in Pakistan. The flyer reads that Riazuddin has been member of chambers of commerce in Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Britain, Australia, Sweden, France and the Netherlands, and has served as vice president at Chamber of Commerce in Sialkot, Pakistan.

Mohsin Abbas is an award-winning Pakistani-Canadian journalist, filmmaker and press freedom activist. He is the editor of Diversity Reporter, a multilingual weekly newspaper for newcomers and immigrants in Canada.

This post was republished with permission from Diversity Reporter.
Published in Commentary
Wednesday, 05 November 2014 02:01

3 Tamils Win in Ontario’s Municipal Elections

 Campaigning for a political position in a major city like Toronto and the nearby York Region is no easy task. Winning the election is all that much harder due to the sheer amount of competition and opposition that candidates face...

Tamil Culture

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Published in Politics

In the wards extending north along Bathurst Street’s ‘Jewish Belt’ in the Greater Toronto Area, from the lake up to Steeles Avenue and beyond into the City...

Jewish Tribune

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Published in Politics
Thursday, 18 September 2014 19:26

Why I’m running: Lilly Obina in Ottawa

This is an occasional column on immigrants running for political office — at the municipal, provincial or federal level. Here, we feature a candidate contesting an Ottawa City ward on Oct. 27. New Canadian Media does not endorse candidates or political parties. 
by Lilly Obina
I ran for this same office in 2010 and got 32 per cent of the vote. I am hoping that the people in Ward 10 are willing to replace a veteran Councillor, Diane Deans, who has held this office for 20 years and has probably run out of ideas, with a fresh new face with new ideas and a big heart that cares. My quest to run this time has not been an easy one. I have been battling the City of Ottawa in court as they did not want to allow me to run since I had not filed an audited financial statement when I ran in 2010 because I lacked the resources to retain an auditor. The judge concluded that I acted in good faith and ruled in my favour. So, here I am running again in 2014.
Here are the key areas I would like to focus on if elected:
In order to make key decisions, the community must be consulted, informed and involved.  I will involve the community in major council decisions. My office will be accountable to the community.  I will convene monthly meetings where constituents can ask questions and offer opinions on issues of the day. I will create a smartphone app that will link the Councillor's office to the community. I will consult with the community at the commencement of key projects.
We must fix neighbourhoods like Heatherington: an area that houses mainly immigrants, many of them from Somalia. We must provide them with a Youth Center that will allow children to participate in supervised activities. We must clean up the streets. Let us not think that residents have no value to society so we just ignore them. Let us respect them and do right by them. Many of them have not chosen to be in that situation, but life put them there. For most, it is temporary. When I first came to Canada, I lived in subsidized housing and I encountered bugs from time to time.
With good education and hard work, today, I own a home and live a life like any other Canadian. Let us not forget our neighbours. When they succeed, we all succeed and our home value goes up because we have beautiful and crime-free neighbourhoods.
Let us not forget our neighbours. When they succeed, we all succeed and our home value goes up ... 
Economic platform
My plans for economic development for this ward are different from Councillor Deans'. She has built warehouses upon warehouses, union offices, truck washing bays, City work yards and a juvenile prison. She has created mainly retail jobs where people have to work multiple jobs to make ends meet which takes them away from their families. Every four years, she builds a playground or splash pad and we think that is development for our families.
Now, she is fixing a bit of road by Airport Parkway and Hunt Club given that this is an election year. Her major projects have a cycle of four years and they coincide with elections. Look at the Hunt Club Ramp congestion and traffic issues as a result of the Hunt Club ramp opening. She does not have as much invested in this ward because she doesn’t live here. She lives in a gated community in River Ward. When gun shots are ringing out here, she is fast asleep, enjoying her crime-free neighborhood.  When our children are confronted with drug dealers in our neighbourhoods, she is out of touch with the community. I hope the people of this ward will see through this this time and vote for a candidate with a new vision and heart.
From an economic perspective here is what I propose to do. This ward is strategically placed with the international airport and Highway 417 as main entrance points to the City and we need to take full advantage of that. More than five million passengers come through the airport every year. That is a potential spending opportunity in this ward. Why do we allow that money to just drive by through our beautiful Airport Parkway, going through our unfinished bridge to be spent somewhere downtown or in Kanata, for example? My vision is to entice these visitors so they can spend their money right here, creating jobs for our professionals. I want visitors to make a stop over here, to hang out in a beautiful neighborhood with exotic cultural cuisines and amenities.
Attracting employers
We have a large student population who go to Carleton and Ottawa Universities. Currently, these students and all of us professionals have to look for work outside the ward. One key reason is we don't attract professional employers because they need spacious, beautiful office buildings. Why can’t we have the Blackberry headquarters here; why can’t we have Cisco headquarters here? Many companies that do business worldwide would probably prefer to have an office by the airport so they can travel in and out quickly. I propose that we work with investors and developers who can build world-class office towers. We need to build Business Parks here. This will provide jobs to our graduates right here.
My mother taught me to always respect my elders and treat them well.
I want to help more people get into the middle class and build an environment that can even create millionaires in this ward. That is why I want to support small businesses with information on grants and funding to help with start-ups. I will have a full-time Community Business Advocate in my office, if elected, whose job will be to help businesses set up in this community. I know there are many immigrants in this area, they don’t need to speak English to start a business; they only need a brilliant idea. We also need a business improvement association that will determine what kind of businesses will add value to this area of the city.
I am also a firm believer in education. Education is key to one’s success. As Councillor, I will focus on policies that will build a strong foundation for education. Many parents do shift work or work shifts that take them away from their children; we cannot allow these children to fall behind. We should provide homework clubs in this area. That will give them a foundation from an early age and will actually push them into the middle class.
Finally, our seniors must be respected and accorded reasonable service. They have served and raised us. My mother taught me to always respect my elders and treat them well. We will one day be in their shoes. Let us provide our seniors with a comfortable and engaged lifestyle. Improving Para Transpo service for our seniors will be a key initiative I will focus on. My volunteer work with the Citizen Advocacy has enlightened me on how bad the service can get.
Lilly Obina was born in Uganda and has lived in Canada for 21 years. She has an MBA from Dalhousie University and been a project manager for a global IT/Engineering firm managing multi-million dollar product lines for over 15 years.

This content was developed exclusively for New Canadian Media and can be re-published with appropriate attribution. For syndication rights, please write to

Published in Politics

Thousands of non-citizens living in Toronto will not be allowed to vote in October’s municipal elections and may have to wait four more years, some Toronto councillors warn.

The Share News

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Published in National
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Poll Question

Do you agree with the new immigration levels for 2017?

Yes - 30.8%
No - 46.2%
Don't know - 23.1%
The voting for this poll has ended on: %05 %b %2016 - %21:%Dec

Featured Quote

The honest truth is there is still reluctance around immigration policy... When we want to talk about immigration and we say we want to bring more immigrants in because it's good for the economy, we still get pushback.

-- Canada's economic development minister Navdeep Bains at a Public Policy Forum economic summit

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